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Perfusion NewswireECMO ZonePediatric ECMO: Unfavorable Outcomes Are Associated with Inflammation and Endothelial Activation

Pediatric ECMO: Unfavorable Outcomes Are Associated with Inflammation and Endothelial Activation

Background

Inflammatory and endothelial activation responses during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in children are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to determine if circulating inflammatory, endothelial activation, and fibrinolytic markers are associated with mortality and with neurologic outcomes in children on ECMO.

Methods

We conducted a secondary analysis of a two-center prospective observational study of 99 neonatal and pediatric ECMO patients. Inflammatory (interferon gamma [IFNγ], interleukin-6 [IL-6], IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFα]), endothelial activation (E-selectin, P-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-3 [ICAM-3], thrombomodulin [TM]), and fibrinolytic markers (tissue plasminogen activator [tPA], plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 [PAI-1]) were measured in plasma on days 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and every third day thereafter during the ECMO course.

Results

All ECMO day 1 inflammatory biomarkers were significantly elevated in children with abnormal vs. normal neuroimaging. ECMO day 1 and peak levels of IL-6 and PAI-1 were significantly elevated in children who died compared to those who survived to hospital discharge. Tested biomarkers showed no significant association with long-term neurobehavioral outcomes measured using the Vineland Adaptive Behavioral Scales, Second Edition.

Conclusions

High levels of circulating inflammatory, endothelial activation, and fibrinolytic markers are associated with mortality and abnormal neuroimaging in children on ECMO.


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