Cardiac Surgery is Associated with Biomarker Evidence of Neuronal Damage
Cardiac surgery is associated with neuronal injury, which is aggravated by extracorporeal circulation.
The Efficacy and Safety of Prophylactic Corticosteroids for the Prevention of Adverse Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Heart Surgery Using Cardiopulmonary Bypass: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
In the present meta-analysis of 62 RCTs (16 457 patients), including the 2 major RCTs (SIRS and DECS trials: 12 001 patients), we found that prophylactic corticosteroids in cardiac surgery did not reduce mortality.
Japan ECMOnet for COVID-19: Telephone Consultations for Cases with Severe Respiratory Failure Caused by COVID-19
A working group has been formed to provide telephone consultation services for cases with severe respiratory failure caused by COVID-19 in Japan.
Understanding and Addressing Sources of Anxiety Among Health Care Professionals During the COVID-19 Pandemic
This Viewpoint summarizes key considerations for supporting the health care workforce so health care professionals are equipped to provide care for their patients and communities.
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation – Crucial Considerations during the Coronavirus Crisis
The purpose of this freestanding editorial is to highlight the considerations in ECMO for critically ill patients with this important disease.
Coronaviruses and the Cardiovascular System: Acute and Long-Term Implications
The present COVID-19 outbreak emphasizes the need for greater awareness of the immediate and long-term cardiovascular implications of viral infection and the significant gaps in knowledge that future research will need to address.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Cardiovascular Disease
Despite ACE2 serving as the portal for infection, the role of ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers requires further investigation. COVID-19 poses a challenge for heart transplantation, impacting donor selection, immunosuppression, and post-transplant management.
Cell-Cycle Arrest Biomarkers Usefulness for Cardiac Surgery-Related Acute Kidney Injury in Neonates and Infants
These findings question the usefulness of (TIMP-1) × (IGFBP-7) for the prediction of cardiac surgery-related acute kidney injury in neonates and infants when measured within 3 hours of cardiopulmonary bypass.
Increased Circulating Levels of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps During Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Circulating NETs measurements increases during cardiac surgery with postsurgical levels proportional to CPB duration. The clinical significance of NETs production during cardiac surgery should be further investigated.
The Relationship Between Neurocognitive Decline and the Heart‐Lung Machine
Further research, comparing on‐pump and off‐pump cohorts and involving intensive screening of preoperative cognitive decline, is indicated to elucidate the true neurocognitive consequences of the heart‐lung machine.
Sourcing Personal Protective Equipment During the COVID-19 Pandemic
An increase in PPE supply in response to this new demand will require a large increase in PPE manufacturing, a process that will take time many health care systems do not have, given the rapid increase in ill COVID-19 patients.
Cardiovascular Implications of Fatal Outcomes of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Myocardial injury is significantly associated with fatal outcome of COVID-19, while the prognosis of patients with underlying CVD but without myocardial injury is relatively favorable.